New research could be targeted at: (i) helping farmers reorganise their business and develop a market for more climate-friendly products; (ii) helping policymakers develop new regulations and governmental support to accompany such a transition across the entire agri-food value chain, facilitate the uptake and scaling of new technologies and incentivize a shift in consumption patterns; and (iii) helping better understand the trade-offs and possible synergetic actions that could be undertaken across different policy areas (agriculture, health, environment, economic development). Future research on GHG mitigation should therefore not just focus on changes in agricultural and food production, but also on changes in society.
Looking ahead, European and international research groups should intensify their interactions with stakeholders (e.g., via co-design of research programmes), in order to maximize the relevance and impact of their work for policymakers, farmers and industry, and help develop practical, context-specific solutions with all concerned actors. In addition, future scientific endeavours should rely on more holistic and interdisciplinary approaches, which combine natural with social sciences (e.g., economics, sociology), in order to consider a mix of demand- and supply-side approaches that can help mitigate GHGs from the farm to the fork. These were some of the main conclusions of the International Conference on Agricultural GHG Emissions and Food Security, which was held in Berlin on 10-13 September 2018.
FACCE-JPI and the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA), organised the conference together with the CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). The German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture hosted the Conference.
More about the conference
Book of abstracts