Soil is a critical component of the land. It fulfills numerous ecologically important functions and offers a variety of ecosystem services that are essential terrestrial ecosystems and to maintain biological diversity and productivity. Improvement of soil quality by adoption of recommended management practices will help to sequester carbon, reduce anthropogenic emissions, improve the environment, and enhance and sustain agronomic productivity.
Beyond carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4 ), agricultural cropping and animal production systems are notable sources of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O). It is estimated that agricultural systems produce about one quarter of global N2O (1) emissions. Methods for mitigating these emissions are discussed here which, if adopted globally, could decrease annual N2O emissions from cropped soils by about 20% (2). The implementation of climate smart agricultural practices, the development of technical applications as well as appropriate policies and practices could improve the quality of soil within the context of climate mitigation activities.
Dr Chaden Diyab, responsible for the valorisation of FACCE-JPI research projects, interviewed project coordinators of the FACCE-JPI Multi-partner Call on Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research. In this paper, a summary of some projects is presented to illustrate potential and emerging applications of project results to face the challenges of climate change adaptation and mitigation. These include various agricultural practices and innovations such as Greenhouse Gas (GHG) calculators, new technologies and innovative resource management.